Streams Via REST API

By using the Benthos --streams mode REST API you can dynamically control which streams are active at runtime. The full spec for the Benthos streams mode REST API can be found here.

Note that stream configs created and updated using this API do not benefit from [environment variable interpolation][interpolation] (function interpolation will still work).

Walkthrough

Start by running Benthos in streams mode:

$ benthos --streams

On a separate terminal we can add our first stream foo by POSTing a JSON or YAML config to the /streams/foo endpoint:

$ curl http://localhost:4195/streams/foo -X POST --data-binary @- <<EOF
input:
  type: http_server
buffer:
  type: memory
pipeline:
  threads: 4
  processors:
  - type: jmespath
    jmespath:
      query: "{id: user.id, content: body.content}"
output:
  type: http_server
EOF

Now we can check the full set of streams loaded by GETing the /streams endpoint:

$ curl http://localhost:4195/streams | jq '.'
{
  "foo": {
    "active": true,
    "uptime": 7.223545951,
    "uptime_str": "7.223545951s"
  }
}

Good, now let's add another stream bar the same way:

$ curl http://localhost:4195/streams/bar -X POST --data-binary @- <<EOF
input:
  type: kafka
  kafka:
    addresses:
    - localhost:9092
    topic: my_topic
buffer:
  type: none
pipeline:
  threads: 1
  processors:
  - type: sample
    sample:
      retain: 10
output:
  type: elasticsearch
  elasticsearch:
    urls:
    - http://localhost:9200
EOF

And check the set again:

$ curl http://localhost:4195/streams | jq '.'
{
  "bar": {
    "active": true,
    "uptime": 10.121344484,
    "uptime_str": "10.121344484s"
  },
  "foo": {
    "active": true,
    "uptime": 19.380582951,
    "uptime_str": "19.380583306s"
  }
}

It's also possible to get the configuration of a loaded stream by GETing the path /streams/{id}:

$ curl http://localhost:4195/streams/foo | jq '.'
{
  "active": true,
  "uptime": 30.123488951,
  "uptime_str": "30.123488951s"
  "config": {
    "input": {
      "type": "http_server",
      "http_server": {
        "address": "",
        "cert_file": "",
        "key_file": "",
        "path": "/post",
        "timeout": "5s"
      }
    },
    "buffer": {
      "type": "memory",
      "memory": {
        "limit": 10000000
      }
    },
    ... etc ...
  }
}

Next, we might want to update stream foo by PUTing a new config to the path /streams/foo:

$ curl http://localhost:4195/streams/foo -X PUT --data-binary @- <<EOF
input:
  type: http_server
buffer:
  type: none
pipeline:
  threads: 4
  processors:
  - type: jmespath
    jmespath:
      query: "{id: user.id, content: body.content}"
output:
  type: http_server
EOF

We have removed the memory buffer with this change, let's check that the config has actually been updated:

$ curl http://localhost:4195/streams/foo | jq '.'
{
  "active": true,
  "uptime": 12.328482951,
  "uptime_str": "12.328482951s"
  "config": {
    "input": {
      "type": "http_server",
      "http_server": {
        "address": "",
        "cert_file": "",
        "key_file": "",
        "path": "/post",
        "timeout": "5s"
      }
    },
    "buffer": {
      "type": "none"
    },
    ... etc ...
  }
}

Good, we are done with stream bar now, so let's delete it by DELETEing the /streams/bar endpoint:

$ curl http://localhost:4195/streams/bar -X DELETE

And let's GET the /streams endpoint to see the new set:

$ curl http://localhost:4195/streams | jq '.'
{
  "foo": {
    "active": true,
    "uptime": 31.872448851,
    "uptime_str": "31.872448851s"
  }
}

Great. Another useful feature is POSTing to /streams, this allows us to set the entire set of streams with a single request.

The payload is a map of stream ids to configurations and this will become the exclusive set of active streams. If there are existing streams that are not on the list they will be removed.

$ curl http://localhost:4195/streams -X POST --data-binary @- <<EOF
bar:
  input:
    type: http_client
    http_client:
      url: http://localhost:4195/baz/get
  output:
    type: stdout
baz:
  input:
    type: http_server
  output:
    type: http_server
EOF

Let's check our new set of streams:

$ curl http://localhost:4195/streams | jq '.'
{
  "bar": {
    "active": true,
    "uptime": 3.183883444,
    "uptime_str": "3.183883444s"
  },
  "baz": {
    "active": true,
    "uptime": 3.183883449,
    "uptime_str": "3.183883449s"
  }
}

Done.